How many Babies do cows have?

How many Babies do cows have?


Dairy cows usually have only 1 calf, but can have more in certain cases

A story of Holstein quadruplet calves 

In December, there was an interesting story that everybody in the dairy industry was talking about. A dairy cow in Orland, California gave birth to quadruplet heifers! It was quite an amazing story because cows normally do not have quadruplets. In fact, cows rarely even have triplets, or twins. A normal dairy cow usually has only 1 baby at a time.

According to the veterinarian, the cow released 3 oocytes from her ovaries which were fertilized, one of which split, producing two calves that are genetically identical. Another amazing point to this story is that if there had been one bull born, the heifers would have been sterile. But because they were all heifers, they will all be able to have babies of their own.

You can read the news story about the quadruplet heifers here.

Having multiple calves is a rare event, here are the odds:

The odds of Quadruplets

The odds of a cow actually having multiple babies is pretty spectacular. According to the Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases it was a 1 in 179,200,000 event!

  • The odds of having Quadruplets – 1:700,000
  • The odds of having all four calves born alive – 1:11.2 million
  • The odds of having all four born alive and the same sex – 1:179.2 million

The odds of Triplets

Then about a month later, there was a dairy cow in Merced, California that gave birth to triplet heifers. Overshadowed by the story of the quadruplets, I don’t think many people paid much attention, but triplets are still quite rare event. The odds of triplets is still quite amazing. According to the article:

  • The odds of having triplet heifers – 1:2 million
  • The odds of having triplet heifers all born alive – 1:8 million

Interestingly, our dairy farm actually had triplets heifers a few years ago. One of the cows gave birth to 3 healthy heifer calves. All of them grew up healthy and strong. Not many dairies have the privilege to take care of triplets though!

Click here to read more about the triplet heifers that were born.

Twins are a bit more common

Twins are a bit more common, and are much more frequent than triplets, and quadruplets. On our dairy, about 3% of the cows having babies give birth to twins.

We recently had a interesting set of twins. One of the Jersey cows gave birth to twins that were different colors. Most Jerseys are solid brown, so at first we were confused that it was a red Holstein. But it was actually a baby Jersey. While they are both different, they do look very similar if you ignore the color. You can easily tell that she’s a Jersey by her stylish, dark beaming eyes.


**The Jersey twins**

I also got some pictures of a pair off Holstein twins that were born not too long ago. Both are black and look pretty similar. My sister named them Pinky and Binky. So far they are doing very well, and growing very fast.


**The Holstein twins -Pinky and Binky**


**The Jersey twins love each other**


  1. Wow, I have never heard of a cow having quads before and how fab that they are all heifers. We have had 3 sets of twins so far this year – 2 sets were one male one female so of course, the heifer will be infertile and one had two tiny little heifer calves the other day. 3 more have scanned to have twins so we’ll wait and see.
    Love your blog and have just awarded you a liebster award – all the details are in this blog post, regards, Lorna

    • Ya, it was a pretty awesome story. The odds of it happening are are virtually nil! Twins are always fun to though haha

      Thanks for the Liebster award! So cool! I will be sure to pass it on :)

    • Too bad the heifer will be infertile, but that still exciting! Congrats, triplets are still a very rare event!

  2. We can’t wait for Casey the Cow to arrive at your farm! Maybe she will see some babies! The kids hope she stays away from the roosters!

    Caren Etling, RN
    United Services for Children
    Dardenne Prairie, MO (outside of St. Louis)

  3. I have a question I have a cow who has had numerous sets of twins she had one twin on labor day how long til the other one comes usually she delivers within minutes

    • Yeah, that’s right. When cows have twins they generally will be delivered right after each other. Sometimes though, there may be complications while calving. If its not delivered right after the other, you would need to check if she does actually have another calf, and try to determine what the problem may be. You may want to consult with your veterinarian at that point. I hope she’s alright!

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